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Blog date 13-04-2021
Category : Mobile Application

All You Need To Know About The 5 Best Cross-platform Mobile Frameworks For 2021

The hybrid or the cross-platform mobile frameworks provide a great option for businesses wanting to reach a larger audience.

Cross-platform mobile app or a native mobile app? The answer lies in the features and functionality needed in the mobile app.

Native mobile apps are dedicated apps developed for that particular platform. With a native app, developers will have to write two separate codes- one for iOS and another for Android.  

Hybrid or cross-platform mobile apps are those where the same code can be used on both platforms.

The cross-platform mobile apps are developed with the support of frameworks. A software framework or a cross-platform framework is a software library that provides a fundamental structure to support the application development. It simplifies the complexities of interfacing with the device operating system.   

The cross-platform mobile apps need exceptional frameworks for their success. Let us see the best cross-platform app frameworks that will help businesses create the best app.

 

5 Best cross-platform app frameworks for 2021:

  1. Xamarin

Xamarin by Microsoft uses the C# code compiling, unlike other frameworks that basically use JavaScript, HTML and CSS languages. It also has the means to use libraries for Java, C++ and Objective C directly making its library assembly huge. This open-source mobile cross-platform framework is a part of the .NET platform. It has a fully developed ecosystem with Xamarin Studio, Xamarin SDK, Xamarin Test Cloud and Xamarin Insights.   

Pros-

  • The UI layer can be developed separately for both Android and iOS mobile platforms giving a native feel and look to the app.
  • The use of C# enables it to assemble native code that works best for individual platforms.
  • It follows the WORA (Write Once Run Anytime) principle. More than 95% of the code can be reused on different platforms.
  • Setting up Xamarin framework for use is easy.
  • It offers easy API integration and connects well with the hardware components without affecting the device’s performance.

Cons-

  • You will need developers who will have to write separate UI layer codes for Android and iOS. They have to be well-versed with Java/Kotlin for Android and Swift/Objective-C for iOS.
  • More expensive to develop when compared to other frameworks. 
  • More suited to the app development in the Microsoft ecosystem.
  • Issues with third-party library integration
  • The overhead codes do not allow smooth integration.
  • The lag in API support gives issues for game development.

 

  1. React Native

Facebook’s React Native framework is designed with JavaScript and ReactJS. Like in Flutter, React Native uses native components when creating a user interface in iOS or Android based on JavaScript-XML (JSX) language. It has restricted UI and native features that may require more coding from the developers. It is more suited to developers who are well-versed with Java and Swift since it comes with native modules and components.    

Pros-

  • The installation is easy with the Node Packet Manager (NPM)
  • It has a live reload with one screen for code modification and the other screen for change preview thus helping developers see code changes instantly, identify bugs and correct them on the mobile device.
  • It uses ready components to build apps. This saves time as elements need not be built from scratch.
  • Code compilation makes the app creation faster when compared to native apps.
  • It supports Node JS.

Cons-

  • This mobile cross-platform framework is actively evolving and this means constantly upgrading and patchwork in codes.
  • The JavaScript background may cause memory management failure.
  • The third-party integration comes with a lot of glitches and bugs.
  • Not best suited for apps that may have heavy special effects and UI transitions like game apps.

 

  1. Flutter

Google’s Flutter is a cross-platform open-source SDK created using Dart. While other frameworks use web views for compilation, Flutter compiles to native code thus eliminating layers between the CPU and the framework. With Flutter, developers can create flexible and interactive designs for UIs thus developing prototypes (MVP) at a faster pace.      

Pros-

  • It uses Material functional widget set for Android and Cupertino for iOS to render UI components on their respective platforms.
  • It uses its own 2D rendering graphic engine Skia.
  • Since Flutter compiles to form a native code, the changes can be viewed instantly making the debugging process fast and manageable.
  • Since the compilation using the hot reload feature is fast, it is the ideal choice for MVPs.

Cons-

  • Not suitable for mobile apps that require device-specific functions.
  • Enterprises must hire developers well-versed in Dart language.
  • The profile data for iOS remains incomplete and some features have minimal support.
  • The codes written using Flutter SDK are bigger when compared to native apps.

 

  1. Ionic

Ionic is an open-source mobile UI toolkit that allows teams to build faster and better mobile applications. Built using Apache Cordova and Angular JS, it runs swiftly both on iOS and Android platforms using web technologies. The Ionic framework layout is done using web views while it gives access to the mobile device’s specific APIs. Its rich library consisting of user interface components along with UI design aspects like image design and placement, innovative themes all make for a great PWA creation. The Ionic framework has Ionic Command Line Interface (CLI) to develop apps with TypeScript and Node JS.

Pros-

  • Ionic provides a rich library of components (front-end building blocks, UI components, app icons) and plugins (access to phone features like Bluetooth, GPS and photo camera) that look and act like native elements of iOS or Android.
  • The Ionic uses a lot of Angular concepts
  • It provides full documentation with a strong developer community for support.

Cons-

  • For apps that need high graphics processing like video games or 3D graphics, the Ionic framework is not suitable.
  • More security issues when compared to native apps.
  • This cross-platform framework has no hot reloading feature.

 

  1. PhoneGap

Also known as Apache Cordova, PhoneGap uses JavaScript, CSS3, and HTML5 with Cordova framework and Adobe. Its strengths are strong backend support and greater access to native APIs.

Pros-

  • The Build cloud compiler compiles apps without the need for SDK installation.
  • Taps into the device hardware like camera, navigation compass through APIs without disturbing the UI features.
  • Easy computability with plugin architecture.
  • Flexible since it supports HTML5, CSS3 and JavaScript.

Cons-

  • Fewer pre-built usable UI widgets
  • Apps can be slower than native apps

 

Which is the best cross-platform mobile app framework in 2021?

The best cross-platform app framework cannot be judged by the pros and cons. It has to be rather dealt with by considering the project requirements. The app features, its functionality, budget, resources available and timeline all come into the picture when deciding the best cross-platform mobile app framework for building an app.

There is a lot of buzz around Flutter and React Native and it would be interesting to see which cross-platform mobile app framework scores the best in 2021!

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Blog date 21-09-2020
Category : Mobile Application

10 Top Languages For Mobile App Development

Mobile apps are everywhere today and form an integral part of our lives. From social media apps to necessary apps, from gaming apps to shopping apps, our mobiles are filled with them.

Just glance through the statistics to know why mobile apps rule the world and will continue to do in the years ahead-

For each app you see on your mobile, a lot of software goes into it to make it rich in UI/UX and functionality. Now let us know the languages for mobile application development and see what brings these apps to life.

 

The 10 top mobile application development languages are-

1. Java

Java is an open-source, object-oriented mobile app development language that has the core benefit of write once, run anywhere (WORA). The benefits of Java being the preferred mobile app development language are-

Multithreading- This allows for running and executing multitasks simultaneously. This increases the efficiency, response time and performance of the app.

Memory management- The Java objects are stored in a heap that can increase or decrease in size during the execution. The garbage is eliminated automatically thus making space for the entry of new objects. This increases the performance, decreases the crash chances and makes the app optimized.

Scalability- It is easy to scale the app either in depth or width when coding in Java.

Platform independent- Java codes, once written, can be used on any platform with minimal changes. This reduces coding time and increases efficiency.

Increased security- The inbuilt Java language features like cryptography, sandbox, exception handling helps in preventing threats. Also, security policies can be tweaked to individual apps thus safeguarding it against attacks.

Open-source- Java has a vast repository of resources, libraries, and online communities on the internet that will help for easy mobile app development.

 

2. Kotlin

Java is the official mobile app development language but other languages have tried to cover up its shortcomings. One of them is Kotlin. It is an open-source programming language that combines object-oriented and functional programming features. It offers some benefits over Java, like-

Compatibility- It is interoperable with Java and programs written in Java can be easily changed to Kotlin by adding the given tools and frameworks.

Fewer codes- With Kotlin, you require fewer codes for the same app when compared to Java due to its better data classes, type interface, properties and smart casts. This makes it easy to maintain and apply changes when needed.

Safe code- The code simplicity of Kotlin allows for fewer errors thus reducing the chances of crashes and system failures.

Faster coding- Its object declarations, parameter values and extension functions speed up the development thus reducing the coding time.

Null safety- Kotlin has null in its type system thus reducing the danger of null references from code.

 

3. Swift

Swift replaced Objective-C as the primary programming language for iOS applications. The benefits of using Swift for iOS app development are-

Clean syntax- The codes in Swift is compact and concise giving it a simplified view. Also, the code resembles simple English language making it more readable and easy to understand. Also, compact code means faster development and better speed.  

Easy file maintenance- With Swift, you have a single code file (.swift) instead of two as in Objective-C (header file .h and implementation file .m).

Easy bug testing- Swift generates compiler error making it easy to fix bugs while writing the code.

Open-source- Swift has good support from online communities thus making improvements on a regular basis.

Dynamic libraries- Dynamic libraries linked to an app helps in linking newer versions of the language.

Interactive coding- The Playgrounds feature helps coders to test new algorithms first by writing a chunk of code while receiving feedbacks without having to create the entire app.  

Other than these mobile app languages there are the hugely popular frameworks that are used to develop mobile apps. The most common examples of frameworks for mobile app development is Flutter, Ionic, PhoneGap, Xamarin, and Framework7.

 

4. HTML5

HTML5 can be used for cross-platform applications. The frameworks that use HTML5 are Apache Cordova (formerly known as PhoneGap), JQuery Mobile, SproutCore and Sencha Touch. HTML5 mobile apps are cheaper and easier to build.

  

5. XML

XML is used as a frontend markup language to define the appearance of the app and for parsing data either from the database or server to the Android app. 

 

6. CSS3

The framework like PhoneGap and Cordova uses HTML5, JavaScript and CSS language to create mobile apps. HTML, CSS, XML and JavaScript are basically used for designing the mobile app user-interface. 

 

7. C#

C# is an object-oriented, functional and component-oriented programming language. It works best for simple mobile application development. When hardware-specific native features are required, then Java from Android and Objective-C for iOS is required. Xamarin framework uses C# language and is great for cross-platform mobile apps. C# is reliable, easy to adopt with powerful features. It is also best for game development. The cross-platform game engine, Unity uses C# as the scripting API.

 

8. C++

C++ is used where close interaction with the hardware is required like in mobile gaming development, signal processing and simulations. NDK toolset is required to enable the development of apps in Android using C++. But using the NDK tool has disadvantages like compatibility issues, hard debugging and decreased flexibility. 

 

9. Java Script

Ionic, PhoneGap, jQuery Mobile, NativeScript, Apache Cordova, Node.js are some of the popular frameworks that have JavaScript in them. The basic client-side functions can be operated by this scripting language. The JavaScript frameworks can be used across a number of platforms. Node.js framework does not limit the JavaScript to the front end only and is used even in the server-side implementations.  

 

10. Dart

The Dart, a typed object programming language was developed by Google in October 2011. The Flutter UI framework uses Dart programming language. We can say that Dart has become known because of Flutter’s popularity. Google has documented it extensively, but the online support from communities is limited.  

 

Conclusion

Mobile app development is easy now thanks to the countless frameworks and toolkits available. Selecting a framework depends on your expertise, the client requirement and the use of advanced technologies.

Daddys Code is the best mobile development agency that ensures designing and developing a good product based on customer requirements. Our mobile app development service is reliable, affordable and efficient. If you want a good mobile app, contact us and we will ensure that you get a best responsive, fully-functional mobile app that has the best user interface.  

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